Our War Gazetteer

The War Illustrated, Volume 4, No. 72, Page 56, January 17, 1941.

Bardia. Libyan port, strongly fortified and a vital Italian base; 12 miles from Egyptian-Libyan frontier; on coastal road to Tobruk, 65 miles west. Captured by British on January 5, 1941.

Benghazi. Important seaport of Libya, pop. 64,000 (19,000 Italians). There is a first-class motor road between Benghazi and Tripoli. Benina aerodrome, one of the principal Italian air bases in Libya, has been repeatedly bombed by the R.A.F. Cap. of Cyrenaica.

Berat. On r. Osum, 30 miles north-east of Valona; pop. 10,000; near site of ancient Elyma; formerly exported olives and oil; the seat of a Greek archbishop. Captured by the Italians from the Austrians in 1918.

Chimara. (Himara). Albanian port on the Adriatic, 28 miles south of Valona. Captured by Greeks on December 23, 1940. It lies on the coastal road from Valona to Santi Quaranta.

Durazzo. (Durrės). Principal Albanian port on the Adriatic; pop. 9,000; the ancient Dyrrhachium; used during present Italo-Greek conflict as place of disembarkation of Italian troops.

Elbasan. Albanian town, on r. Skumbi 65 miles west of Monastir; pop. 13,000; one of the most important towns in the country; occupied by Austrians in 1916, it was recovered by the Allies in 1918.

Sidi Barrani. On Egyptian-Libyan frontier, captured by British from the Italians on December 16, 1940. Fort Capuzzo on Libyan side of frontier was likewise taken by British forces on December 16.

Tirana. Capital of Albania, 20 miles east of Durazzo; pop. 30,000; overlooking Rushka valley; former seat of Albanian Government.

Tobruk. Important Italian naval base on Libyan coast; Italian troops retreated to Tobruk as British Army of the Nile encircled Bardia.

Valona. (Vlonė). Port on the Strait of Otranto; pop. 9,000; the independence of Albania was proclaimed at Valona in 1912; heavily attacked by R.A.F.